Understanding a Financial Report

Openly traded companies companies produce three generally used financial reports:

1. Balance Sheet

2. Earnings Statement

3. Statement of money Flow

Generally the 3 are members of the quarterly and annual financial statements. Let us discuss the total amount Sheet.


The Total Amount Sheet contains what’s owned (assets), what’s owed (liabilities), and just what, it anything remains (equity). Remember, the total amount sheet only shows exactly what the company’s financial position reaches one given moment.

Assets are products which have a maturity of a maximum of 12 months. Your bank account is a good example of assets. You will find typically 5 groups of current assets:

1. Cash and funds equivalents

2. Temporary investments

3. A / r

4. Inventories

5. Other current assets (i.e. operate in progress)

Lengthy term assets include fixed assets i.e. real estate, intangibles, assets (i.e. a patent) some investments (i.e. a partnership). They’re products that should last at least a year.

Current Liabilities are financial obligations payable within 12 months, for example electric power bills, or sales taxes. We are able to group current liabilities into 5 groups, also:

1. Accounts payable (regular bills, invoices, etc.)

2. Temporary borrowings (for example to satisfy payroll)

3. Earnings taxes payable

4. Deferred earnings taxes (a cpa procedure)

5. Other current liabilities

Lengthy term liabilities are financial obligations due in over 1 years time for example loans from banks

Equities. Simply put Equity may be the total assets without the total liabilities. It’s the a part of the organization the shareholders own. You will find 3 parts to equity:

1. Common stock – a small share value

2. Compensated-in capital – a cpa share value

3. Retained earnings- the equity through the years by means of profits or losses.

Analyzing financial statements isn’t an easy chore. Entire careers are constructed with doing this. It’s a process to look for the soundness and stability of the company. Every part from the statement are essential and all sorts of parts have to be studied to create a seem financial commitment.

Maintaining the financial reports of a company would be a challenge if you are sole proprietor. Hence do follow certain rules for using company money and help experts to make accurate reports for wellbeing of the company.